The fastest type of computer. Supercomputers
are very costly and are employed for
specialized applications that require
huge amounts of mathematical calculations.
For instance, weather forecasting requires a
supercomputer. Other uses of supercomputers
include animated graphics, fluid dynamic
calculations, nuclear energy research,
and petroleum exploration.
The main difference between a supercomputer
and a mainframe is that a supercomputer channels
all its power into executing a few programs as
fast as possible, whereas a mainframe uses its
power to execute many programs concurrently.
A very fast, powerful mainframe computer,
utilized in advanced military and scientific
A mainframe computer that is among
the largest, fastest, or most powerful
of those available at a given time.
A mainframe computer that is one of
the most powerful available at a given time
A general term for one of the fastest
computers currently available. Such
computers are typically used for number
crunching including scientific simulations,
(animated) graphics, analysis of geological
data (e.g. in petrochemical prospecting),
structural analysis, computational fluid
dynamics, physics, chemistry, electronic
design, nuclear energy research and
meteorology. Perhaps the best known
supercomputer manufacturer is Cray Research.